South India is the area encompassing India's states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, occupying 19.31% of India's area.
India, undoubtedly, is a land that taught whole world the art of living. Being one of the oldest civilizations, Indian subcontinent has evolved over 5000 years to become one of the most respectable countries of the world. Various cultures, traditions, beliefs, art forms and education have been an integral part of the country since time immemorial. Earliest towns known to flourish human race are the twin cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa (now in Pakistan). Refined lifestyle, well developed esthetics, an astounding acquaintance of town planning and a cryptic script language - were the features of this erstwhile civilization which formed base for an equally strong future that India portrays today.
All thanks to its affluent history, geographical attractiveness, cultural diversity, intriguing art forms, India has made it to the list of top tourist destinations of the world. Globe-trotters reach this land after crossing several seas and oceans but it’s all worth it. From the great Himalayas to eternal deserts, India will charm you with its indigenous beauty. Diversity can be the second name for India with all credit to its rich past, great geography, climate, wildlife and multihued culture. India is a land where culture changes every 200 km but with an unbelievable similarity with other cultures. India is a collage made up of different states. Northern region is proud possessor of already mentioned Himalayas, all embracing blue skies, wheat and paddy fields and a cold environment.
South, on the other hand, is blessed with golden beaches, tea and coffee plantations, dense canopies of forests, Palm trees and fragrance of coconuts. Famous destinations of southern India are Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. Likewise eastern and western Indian states have an identity of their own. Gujarat, Maharashtra and Goa are the prime tourist destinations famous for beaches, magnificent forts, delicious cuisines and colonial buildings.
“If you want to understand today, you have to search yesterday.” - Pearl Buck
Great rulers chose India to establish their kingdom and emerge as universal powers at the forefront. This influenced Europeans (Portuguese, French, Dutch, Danish and British) to reach out to this land. Credit for gaining worldwide recognition to the country goes to its great scholars, mathematicians, scientists, astrologers, artisans, poets, and craftsperson who were promoted during the reign of various dynasties. India invented ‘0’which is by far the most revolutionary invention in world’s history. Sanskrit, known as mother of all languages, belongs to the lush soil of India. Repute that India achieved with these inventions still breathes fresh in history and is evident in the modern pages. British, who ruled India for over 200 years, faced a tough resistance from great freedom fighters and with all their efforts India got freedom in the year 1947. Since then India has made tremendous advancement, both in industrial and agricultural fields. All this did not come as an easy cake; they faced huge problems at every level and then only became the largest democracy in the world.
About India Geography
India is crowned by the highest and the youngest mountain range of the world - the great Himalayas. This still evolving mountain range separates the Indian subcontinent from rest of the Asiatic countries. Adding to the glory of its crown are three powerful water bodies namely - Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal that surrounds the triangular peninsula on its west, south and east respectively.
In India, you will find every landscape that your mind allows you to think of. Sky towering mountains, gargling rivers, foaming waterfalls, undulating hills, deep gorges and vistas, powerful deserts, oasis, etc are scattered all over the region. Impact of geography is clearly visible in the lifestyle, traditions, and cultures of the related regions!
“Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.” -Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
Rich Indian legacy is reflected through its diverse culture. With its roots sprouting from ancient Indus valley civilization, Indian culture kept on adapting new forms from time to time retaining its essence till date. India is the birth land for various religions like Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. All of them were propagated to every nook and corner of the world through their preachers. Christianity and Islam entered later in the history of the country. Connected to each religion are its tradition, beliefs and festivities. They all come together to form the kaleidoscopic cultural aspect of the country.
Just like its culture, art forms in India are multifaceted. Ancient folk art forms got appreciation by the erstwhile Raja Maharajas. As a result, these folk art forms adapted themselves to the standard of royal courts and emerged out as classical art forms. Today, after attaining worldwide recognition, these art forms are nurturing the future of the country. Be it music, dance, songs or martial arts you will find versatility in every genre.